It looks like many printing materials use two or three columns grids, especially when providing an essay or a long description about the content. Not many materials seem to provide a manuscript layout. I think probably I could’ve found manuscript grids in textbooks for children. For two or three column grids, many images are inserted in a column or between two columns, providing more visual interest to audiences. Due to the size of the magazine, the National Geographic uses mostly two columns for the content or manuscript layouts. The two column layout shows an asymmetric structure along with large images either in a page or between two pages. The UMBC magazine keeps more a consistent layout using mostly three columns. The other magazines I looked over include more various kinds. One of the interesting points I found was in a Japanese college magazine. Japanese language is written in both ways: vertical and horizontal. The magazine uses columns in a horizontal way more than other magazines. The layout of the grids can be applied depending on the culture. It might be interesting to take a look at Arabic and Chinese printing materials since the direction of the writing is right to left and top to bottom.